Lesson 1 – The Hero’s Journey
Life is transformation. Often times the transformations in our lives seem random and unpredictable. People are often stuck in a circumstance they seek to change, but are unclear as to how to even begin or understand that the change they seek is a struggle they must prepare for.
However our ancestors understood the powerful patterns involved in human life changes and explained them through mythic stories we call the Hero’s Journey. This universal story tells how a human being transforms from one level of development to a higher level; how a human transforms from a young person to an adult; how a person must struggle to make this transformation. These stories then become a rough guide to understanding how transformation occurs in our lives. The story itself does not give answers. Rather it gives a framework for someone to find their own answers, for that is the key. We must each find the answers to our own lives.
The Hero’s Journey adheres to the pattern that follows. Remember the characters listed are archetypes, a person who represents a certain part of the journey. These are not 5 different characters, but one person who as they journey, transform into different beings. There are various experts and authors who explain the pattern of the journey including Joseph Campbell and Rollo May. This version is drawn from the book, “The Hero Within” by Carol Pearson.
- The Orphan
The story begins with a person who is an orphan; or someone who feels like an orphan, alone, separate, different, and misunderstood. This character has questions about their circumstance (for example:”Why did my parents die?”, “Why doesn’t anyone like me?”, Why am I always in trouble?” , “What will I do with my life?” , etc.). These questions set off the journey.
- The Wanderer
The Orphan needs to find answers to their questions, but they don’t know where they are. They begin to wander, hoping they might find the answers. They often go to unfamiliar places, places they’ve never been to before, feeling that somehow they might discover the answers.
- The Caretaker
As the person is wandering, they meet people and befriend them. As the relationship develops the wanderer learns to care more for the others than they do for themselves. This is a very important part of the journey for if they still only care for themselves, they won’t put themselves at risk and will not transform.
- The Warrior
The person on the journey must now fight a battle or enter a struggle. This segment of the journey is what most people feel is what the Hero does (i.e. fight the enemy, slay the dragon, find the treasure, save the baby from the burning building, etc.), but it must be recognized that the Hero went through an important process to reach this point. They succeed in meeting the challenge.
- The Changer
The Hero, having met the challenge, returns to where they started. They return a new person, transformed. They do two things in this final stage; first they realize they knew the answers to their questions that set off the journey all along. Somewhere inside them they understand they always had the answer. And second, they bring back a gift to their people. It could be a treasure or an enemy flag, or the baby saved from death, or a teaching.
- The Elder
This character in the Journey is not the Hero, but rather someone who helps the Hero on their journey. The Elder has taken the journey before and wants to help and instruct the Hero. They tell them what words to say, what paths to take, etc. They are a guide and a teacher..
This pattern of the Hero’s Journey is told around the world by Native and modern cultures in the Americas, Africa, Asia, Europe and Australia. Mythologists theorize that it is universal because all human beings ask the same basic questions about life and we find the answers in the same stories.
Keep in mind that sometimes we don’t succeed in our struggle, we can lose the battle. Perhaps we did not prepare adequately in our first steps (maybe asking the wrong questions, maybe not taking the right turn in our wanderings, perhaps not really shifting our consciousness to doing for others. Maybe we turned our back on the Elder trying to guide us.)
Try answering some of the questions in the following Lesson of the Hero’s Journey:
1. Two people transformed in this story. Who are they and how did they transform?
2. Was this a Hero’s Journey? Why or why not?
3. Was the boy supposed to be a bear? Why did he become a bear?
4. Why did the boy become human again?
5. Why did the uncle transform?
6. What lesson did the boy teach his people that they needed to hear beyond hunting and fishing and gathering?
7. Why do you think the uncle was so cruel?
- The boy transformed from a boy to a bear and back to a boy. The uncle transformed from an angry man to a better person.
- This was a great example of the Hero’s Journey with the boy transforming from a poor orphan, alone and hurt to a teacher of his people through his journey to live and learn from the bears.
- He was not supposed to be a bear, but he wanted to escape his uncle’s cruelty and he loved the bears because they showed love to him.
- Because he was meant to be a human and his uncle sincerely apologized to him. And the boy forgave his uncle and accepted his apology and offer.
- Because he wondered why the boy left him and he went to the elders for their advice.
- Not to ignore the needs of those less fortunate.
Perhaps he was raised the same way with cruelty instead of kindness and he knew no other way. The uncle had to break the cycle of abuse.