1. Establishment of Reservations

2. Shifting and forcing the thinking from a inclusive and connected (circle) to a linear and disconnected (square)

3. Removal of children to Boarding Schools

4. Removal of children from homes

5. Refusal of “allowing” Native Americans to use their own language

6. Forced sterilization of women in many tribes

7. Frequent systemic violations against Native Americans by the government and law enforcement

8. Racism and stereotyping

9. Removal of group focus and encouragement of individuality focus

10. Lack of trust in others – non native peoples, native peoples in tribal governments, lack of confidentiality in system

11. 90% reduction of Native American population since European dominance

12. Legally and militarily stopping ceremonies, healing practices, and spirituality