Jamestown S’Klallam Tribe

Elaine Grinnell is a storyteller representing her people, the Jamestown S’Klallam tribe. She maintains many roles as a wife, mother, grandmother, family and friend to many. Elaine calls her birthplace home -- the northwest corner of Washington State. In her story, Elaine describes how addictions have affected her people, the S’Klallam people. She shares stories of how her family found the strength to deny the power of addictions, and she shares how the tribe is working towards the task of supporting those finding themselves in the powerful grasp of addictions. Read Elaine’s account of how addictions are losing the war over control of her people, the S’Klallam people of Washington State.

Historical Trauma Resource Sheet

1. Establishment of Reservations

2. Shifting and forcing the thinking from a inclusive and connected (circle) to a linear and disconnected (square)

3. Removal of children to Boarding Schools

4. Removal of children from homes

5. Refusal of “allowing” Native Americans to use their own language

6. Forced sterilization of women in many tribes

7. Frequent systemic violations against Native Americans by the government and law enforcement

8. Racism and stereotyping

9. Removal of group focus and encouragement of individuality focus

10. Lack of trust in others – non native peoples, native peoples in tribal governments, lack of confidentiality in system

11. 90% reduction of Native American population since European dominance

12. Legally and militarily stopping ceremonies, healing practices, and spirituality